Common Problems Affecting the Scalp

There are many factors that can negatively affect the environment. Some of the most common are air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution among others. If left unchecked, these types of pollution can overpower nature, causing massive and irreversible destruction. The same is true with our health. If we neglect minor health problems, they can progress into serious conditions that can be more challenging to cure or treat later.

Among the easily negligible conditions that commonly affect many people are those that involve the scalp. Scalp problems can be easily neglected because they are less conspicuous than those which affect the face and other parts of the body. However, there are scalp problems that need immediate attention as they can painful, irritating and embarrassing.

Dandruff

People who have experienced having dandruff know how embarrassing it can be when those white flakes fall into their dark clothing. Dandruff is neither serious nor contagious, but it can be very annoying especially that it causes itchiness. Its common causes include dry scalp and excessive shedding of dead skin. Dandruff can be easily controlled by using dry scalp remedies such as specially formulated or medicated shampoos.

Folliculitis

Folliculitis is characterized by tiny pus-filled pimples found at the base or follicles of the hair. If it occurs in the scalp, the most common cause of the condition is bacterial attack or irritation after taking a bath in a hot tub. Some mild cases might just go away without treatment, while most cases would require an antibiotic to fight the bacteria and relieve the symptom.

Psoriasis

This skin condition may occur in any part of the body but it is more common in the scalp. For some people, the body produces excessive skin cells, leaving the excess skin cells to form crusted thick scales which can be itchy and sore. Psoriasis can be treated with ointments, steroid creams or shampoos that contain salicylic acid or tar. Severe cases may also require light therapy and injected medication.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Aside from having dandruff, if a person also has reddening of the skin, it can be a case of seborrheic dermatitis. This skin problem is caused by excessive oils in the skin and is more common among people with psoriasis, oily hair or scalp acne. Treatment options for this condition include ointment, medicated shampoos and antifungal pills. In more serious cases, light therapy might be necessary.

Scabs on Scalp

Shingles, psoriasis, oily scalp and eczema are just some of the common causes of scalp scabs. They normally appear as lesions that are itchy, painful and irritation. They can be easily controlled if treated at their early stages. Treatment includes steroidal cortisone cream and shampoos containing tar. Virgin oil is also a known remedy for this condition.

If you have a scalp problem, don’t wait until the condition worsens. Any minor problem that is not addressed or given due attention can worsen in no time, just like what is happening to our environment. If your scalp problem persists even with over-the-counter remedies, it would be good to seek the help of your dermatologist right away.

What is Ecological Footprint?

Now that there is an increasing concern about the status of the environment, perhaps you might have heard about the term ecological footprint. This term may be popular, but many people do not know its meaning and what it signifies. Because it concerns all living things on earth, it is important to have a good understanding on what ecological footprint really is.

In simple terms, ecological footprint refers to the impact of each person, a group of people in a city, country or globally, or a particular activity such as manufacturing to the environment. It is normally expressed in terms of land area needed to sustain the use of natural resources. This term is now used by government and non-government organizations as a communication and management tool to assess the environmental status of a particular country. The ecological footprint of a particular country is the total area required for planting crops, grazing, fishing, and tree planting to produce fiber, food and timber as well as to absorb the pollution and waste that are emitted when energy is used. It also considers providing a space for infrastructure.

It is easy to understand ecological footprint from a realistic figure. For instance, in 2007, the global ecological footprint was about 18 billion hectares. This figure means that there should be a total of 18 billion hectares of productive land worldwide to support the wastes and lifestyle of the people. However, as of that year, there were only around 11.9 billion hectares of productive land available worldwide. It signifies that during that year, people used more natural resources that the planet could produce or generate.

Different countries leave different footprints. Some countries like Indonesia have a more sustainable footprint. It all depends on the lifestyle of the people, including how much goods they consume, how much fuel they burn, how much wastes are generated, and how these wastes are addressed.

If a country’s ecological footprint shows an overshoot, it sends a clear and urgent message to all. It may indicate a scarcity in resources or improper use of its resources. It could also send a signal that wastes or pollution is not properly addressed. This is an important message that could impact human survival in the future. But regardless of the footprint of a particular country, its people need to be informed about it. That global overshoot in 2007 is frightening information. And we may likely have a bigger overshoot in the present unless we do something about it now.

The computation of accurate ecological footprint is necessary towards sustainability. It tells us what kind of resources and how much of those resources are available and how long they will be available based on current consumption patterns. It could help nations and organizations focus and address the environmental problems they are currently facing. It could also help them conceptualize ideas to better address any overshoot in their ecological footprint. Additionally, it will also give scientists and researches insight if there is a need to create new resources like in the case of the creation of biofuel as an alternative to fossil fuel. And even more important, it will tell if the sustainability efforts of various organizations and countries work out.

How to Reduce Your Environmental Footprint

In 2007, the global environmental footprint was computed at 18 billion hectares while the productive land resources are only at about 11.9 billion hectares. This figure indicates a big overshoot in the current resources that are available worldwide compared to the consumption and waste production of humans. This alarming figure should send a clear message that we should do something about our environmental footprint now. Disregarding it will greatly affect human and animal survival in the coming years.

The ultimate question is how to reduce the environmental footprint? Each person, group of people, government, and various organizations can have a significant contribution to have a positive impact on the environmental footprint.

Individually, here are simple things you can do:

  • Reduce consumption of resources. Anything you consume or use, from the food you eat to the fuel you use in your car, requires energy to make or transport. The less resource you consume, the less energy you use and the less footprint you leave.
  • Buy recycled or recyclable products. Buying recycled or recyclable products leaves a positive impact to the environment because it can help reduce waste and reduce the amount of new resources that will be used for new products.
  • Be as energy efficient as possible. Try your best to be as energy efficient in your own home or when using transportation. In your home, you could use energy-efficient appliances and lightings. For transportation, try to practice a more sustainable transport system. If you are travelling alone to work or school, try to use the public transportation or try carpooling if possible. The less you drive the less fuel you consume.
  • Protect green spaces. If you have a farm with green spaces or if you have several trees surrounding your house, protect these spaces by not cutting down the trees. Trees do help in dealing with air footprint as they absorb carbon dioxide and give in oxygen.
  • Buy locally grown fruits, vegetables and meat products. Buying locally grown foods will reduce the transportation footprint on food which is currently averaging 1,300 miles. Travelling long distances requires the use of energy. Better yet, you can have your own garden in your backyard.
  • Avoid or reduce the use of toxic or poisonous products. While it is normal for many households to use commercial cleaning products that contain toxic substances, try to make your own using natural products such as baking soda and vinegar which are also known for their cleaning potential. That way, you can reduce the impact these toxic products have to the air and to the environment as a whole.
  • Implement better waste management. Observe better waste management in your home by segregating garbage and separating recyclable and biodegradable waste from the rest of your garbage. You could send your recyclables to recycling stations and make compost out of biodegradable waste.
  • Share your knowledge to others. You can also help your friends and neighbors reduce their environmental footprint by sharing your knowledge to them. Working as a community will have a greater positive impact to the environment.

Additionally, if your organization, community or government implements projects that will help reduce environmental footprint, support them and convince others to show their support as well. Although changes start slowly and individually, it is only by working together that significant reduction in environmental footprint can be achieved. There is no other perfect time to do it than now.

First Aid for Sprained Foot

A sprained foot is pretty common especially for people who are engaged in physical sports that subject their feet to abnormal bending and twisting motions such as basketball, baseball, softball and other sports. But ordinary people may also be affected by it as a result of daily activities. And since it can affect anyone, it is important that we know the first aid treatment for this condition in case it happens to us or to the people we know. First aid treatment for a sprain is very important for pain relief and immediate comfort.

Sprains in the feet can be classified into three categories: Grade 1 is when the injury is mild and there is just microscopic stretching or tears in the ligaments. Grade 2 is when the injury is moderate, causing partially stretched or torn ligaments. Severe sprains are classified as Grade 3 and it is when there are completely torn ligaments and the foot becomes unstable and can no longer bear the weight of the body.

It is important to note that when a sprain occurs, there are two possible parts of the foot that can be affected. One is the mid-foot which is the central area of the foot including the arch. Sprain in this area is normally caused by a fall, collision or twisting. The other part is the first metatarsophalangeal joint which is at the base part of the big toe. A sprain in this area can be caused by extreme backward bending of the big toe. A case in point is when a football player who falls forward with the big toe planted flat on the ground and receiving impact.

To recognize sprains, there are several symptoms that are noticeable. There is pain, bruising, swelling, and inability to bear weight or to move. In some cases, the patient may also experience a feeling of tingling feet. You don’t have to send the patient immediately to a doctor once sprain is detected. There are first aid treatments that can provide immediate relief and treatment for this kind of condition.

RICE Therapy

The RICE therapy is known to be an effective approach for sprains. RICE stands for rest, ice, compress and elevate. It is important that the patient should completely rest and stop doing your normal routine to avoid further injury in the affected foot. To relieve the pain and swelling, wrap ice in a towel and apply it in the affected area for up to 20 minutes. Repeat the same procedure after every hour until the pain or swelling is relieved. The next step is compressing the affected area by wrapping it with an elastic bandage or specialized braces. Compressing can help remove the swelling. Be sure to elevate the affected foot above heart level.

Aside from the RICE therapy, you could also give the patient an over-the-counter medication NSAID such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen to deal with the pain and inflammation. Except for minor sprains, you should consult a doctor for severe sprains since there may be broken bones that need to be set.

While recovering from a sprain, take time to get up close with nature. It is also one way of getting therapy for overall wellness. Sometimes, having a sprain could be an indication that you need some rest from your normal routine. It is always good to have a natural protected area near your place where you can get close to wildlife and to relax. It is one of the advantages if we protect and conserve our nature.

How to Deal with a Controlling Boyfriend

In numerous forums in the Internet, you could read about girls asking how to get over someone who is very controlling. And in many cases, these girls have a controlling boyfriend who they like to get rid of. Breaking with someone you love even if you have just been together for a month can be one of the most difficult things to do for girls. That is why in many cases, girls try to avoid breaking up with their boyfriends even if one’s boyfriend becomes too manipulative of her personal life.

If you have been struggling in your relationship because of a controlling and manipulative partner, here are some things you could do:

1. Think it over if your relationship is worth it.

If you love a person, it is easy to get blinded by his or her negative traits. But if you spend some time with yourself, you may be able to realize them. When you do, you could weigh whether it is still worth going on with your relationship or not.

natureNature tripping is one way to do it. When you are up close with nature, you can easily meditate and think things out. Nature provides a great avenue where you could think and be at one with yourself. This is one of the reasons why we should continually preserve and protect our nature and wildlife.

2. Talk with your boyfriend.

If you think that you don’t deserve your boyfriend now, your next step will be easier and that is to end your relationship. But if you like to give it another chance, the next thing you have to do is talk with your boyfriend sincerely. Be honest on how you feel about his controlling attitude. At the same time, give him an assurance that you love him and you like to develop trust between the two of you.

3. Formally introduce your boyfriend to your friends.

Perhaps one of the reasons why your boyfriend does not like you to spend time with your friends is because he does not personally know them. That is called fear of the unknown. Your boyfriend can only get rid of this fear if you introduce him to them. Schedule a date with your friends and allow your boyfriend to mingle with them.

4. Use verbal affirmations.

One of the possible reasons why your boyfriend is controlling you is that he is insecure about his personality. Use verbal affirmations as often as possible, like tell your boyfriend how you admire his looks and his being responsible. Tell him you love him or how you are lucky to have him. That way, he can get over his insecurities and start to loosen up.

5. Make it clear what is unacceptable in your relationship.

Be totally honest with your boyfriend about the things you find unacceptable. You could also solicit his ideas and then talk about them one by one. Doing so will help both of you to be responsible with your actions if they affect your relationship.

These things are easier said than done, but they are a good way to start afresh in your relationship. If you still find your boyfriend too controlling despite doing those things, you may want to reconsider your thoughts of giving the relationship a second chance.

What Is Hypoallergenic Dog Food

When we think of animals in the wild, we think of them as tough and less prone to diseases that affect many domesticated animals. But one disadvantage of them being in the wild is that their life is very dependent upon their natural habitat. Their natural habitat is where they get their food and where they take shelter. That is why it is important that their natural habitat is protected.

Consecutively, domesticated animals like dogs have no problems when it comes to shelter and food. But one of the challenges they encounter is when they become homeless, as they have difficulty in adapting to a life of their own. In fact, some dogs have a special diet which includes hypoallergenic dog food because of their vulnerable condition, more about these types of dog food can be found here. And this kind of diet is little understood by many pet owners, putting the life of their dog in danger.

Dogs are like humans because they are also prone to allergies. They normally develop skin irritations and gastrointestinal problems aside from others as a result of exposure to allergens. Sadly, most of their allergens are present in the food being fed to them. This could include milk and other dairy products, wheat and yeast, beef, chicken, corn, soy and others. Because of that, many dog food manufacturers have come up with a solution to this problem. And that is how hypoallergenic foods for dogs came to be.

But what makes hypoallergenic food different from other dog foods?

Unlike other commercial dog foods, the hypoallergenic ones are specially formulated so that they do not contain ingredients that can possibly provoke allergic reactions in dogs. They do not contain artificial flavorings and preservatives and are mostly made from natural ingredients. Another special quality about this kind of food is that they also do not contain fillers or meat by products that commonly cause skin irritations among sensitive dogs.

Nowadays, more and more dogs develop allergic reactions triggered by commercial dog foods. And this has caused an increase in the demand for hypoallergenic foods. Dog owners are normally advised by veterinarians to change their current dog food if signs of allergies become noticeable. However, choosing which brand to use can be challenging especially when it is normally difficult to determine the specific ingredients that cause allergic reactions in a dog. For most dogs, the trial and error method is one way to do it.

It is also important to note that dogs may also be allergic not only to commercial dog foods but also to other human foods fed to them. Some people have wondered: can dog eat bananas or other fruits? Bananas and other fruits can be a good source of vitamins and minerals for dogs including potassium, calcium and vitamin C. However, whenever you have to feed your dog with any fruit or vegetables, you should carefully observe its reaction because the animal may be allergic to it. Being an observant owner is one way you can help your dog avoid allergens.

Furthermore, if your dog suffers from allergic reactions, its food may or may not be the one causing it, since there are also other common allergens such as fleas that affect dogs. It would be better to bring your dog to a veterinarian for proper diagnosis.

INFP Profile

The INFP personality based on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) assessment is defined as people who are introverted, intuitive and who rely on their feeling and perception. This type of personality is very rare as there are only an estimated 4.5 percent INFPs in the entire population. It can be a great privilege to meet someone who is an INFP.

Understanding INFP and other personality types is essential to developing a relationship with different types of people. For instance, it can be hard to understand why there seems to be a big difference between INFJ relationships and INFP relationships when these two personality types only differ in one personality trait, and that is reliance on judgment for INFJ and perception for INFP.

Personal Character

INFPs are known to be reserved, calm or even shy. However, their inner passion and inner flame are something that should not be taken lightly. They can also be very affectionate, a trait which is not common in other personality types. Their affection may be long-lasting, but they are also cautious on whom to direct this kind of feeling. INFPs also have a sense of honor and strong idealism, which they are proud of. One drawback though is that they are often misunderstood and isolated because their personality is relatively rare.

Goal in Life

Some of the most affected groups of people when it comes to bad things happening around the world are the INFPs. Their goal in life is to seek harmony, and they feel dejected when bad things happen around them. They are also very much concerned about what is happening around them and would like to get involved in solving the problem. This is perhaps one of the reasons why many INFPs are also involved in the preservation and conservation of our natural habitat and wildlife. But it is not only they who should respond to the call of nature. Regardless of personality type, we all need to act to preserve our mother Earth.

Career

Generally, INFPs are extremely creative, goal-oriented and innovative. They also have an aptitude for foreign language which is unmatched. That is why many of them land a job in foreign relations. Some of the great actors and writers also have this kind of personality, as they can easily convey their own personalities in fictional characters. It is also natural for them to write and to engage in poetry.

Perception of Others

INFPs rely on perception rather than judgment. They don’t easily judge a person by what they see. In fact, they can see goodness in every person, even in those who do bad things to them. In their eyes, even the most unlikeable or revolting person is worthy of respect or sympathy.

Because of what is happening in the world now, we need INFPs in a wide range of endeavors especially in promoting the preservation and conservation of the environment. INFP is among the most likeable personality types listed by MBTI. Yet INFPs are commonly misunderstood as the opposite. Knowing and understanding them can help us change our bad perception about INFPs.

Home Remedy for Taste Disorder

When it comes to treating diseases, many people rely on drugs and medication, both prescribed and over-the-counter. However, most of these medicines have side effects, not to mention their manufacture and use present a significant environmental impact. Some researchers list down water contamination, soil contamination and potential impact on the life of animals and microorganisms in the surrounding.

Although pharmaceutical products promote healing or treatment, using them could also mean leaving an environmental footprint. That is why, for minor health condition, it is best to first take advantage of natural home remedies before taking any medication. This way, you are also contributing to the preservation and conservation of the environment.

One of the common health problems affecting a significant number of people is taste disorder. Some have metal taste in mouth, others salty or sweet taste in mouth. There are also people who completely lose their sense of taste, but it is a rare case. Surprisingly, there are natural remedies for taste disorders. You may want to try any of these remedies if it works for you.

  • Practice good oral hygiene. More often, the lingering taste in the mouth is caused by poor oral hygiene. Once you start to practice oral hygiene, the abnormal taste in your mouth will just go away spontaneously.
  • Chew food thoroughly when eating. This could allow you to enjoy the flavor of what you are eating while also enhancing digestion.
  • Drink ginger tea by mixing 5 grams of ginger powder in a quarter liter of water. This mixture has a soothing effect in the mouth and cleanses your mouth of the lingering taste.
  • If you have lost your sense of taste for a while, drinking lime juice mixed with equal parts ginger juice or tea plus a pinch of salt may help.
  • Taking a zinc supplement may also help improve your sense of taste. However, you may want to consult your doctor first before taking any supplement especially if you are suffering from a certain health problem.

Additionally, making some changes or improvement in your food preparation as well as diet may also help you deal with taste disorder.

  • Enhance the flavor of your food by adding more spices and seasoning, but avoid putting more salt or sugar.
  • Consume foods with varying tastes so you will be able to appreciate the individual flavors.
  • Avoid consuming foods that dilute the individual flavor of the ingredients such as casseroles.

These natural remedies are only effective if your taste disorder is just temporary. However, if you have a lingering taste disorder, you may have to see an otolaryngologist for proper diagnosis of your condition. In many cases, taste disorder is caused by another underlying condition like allergies or respiratory infection. Treating the underlying condition would also spontaneously treat the taste disorder. Pregnancy may also cause a temporary taste disorder among women.

It is important to note that even if you prefer to take natural home remedies for taste disorder, you still need to see a specialist for lingering taste problems. And the natural remedies should not substitute any type of treatment prescribed by your doctor.

Arm Pain: A Sign of Heart Attack

Caring for the environment is a noble cause with long-term benefits for our planet. You don’t have to be a scientist or philanthropist to be able to do it. Even children can do something to care for and protect our environment. At home, simple things such as segregation of garbage, planting vegetables and trees in our surroundings and using non-toxic products can go a long way to save the environment.

Doing something for the environment may require hard work, causing some people to suffer from certain body pains at some point. It can be worth it though since it means giving your family, yourself and all living beings a better place to live in.

However, if the pain is coming from your arms, it may be symptomatic of a more serious condition than just hard work. Just like itchy armpits, pain in right arm or left arm is pretty common. It is more often caused by sore arm muscles as a result of exerting too much effort on the arm such as when lifting heavy objects. That is why many people don’t see it as a symptom of life-threatening occurrences, more particularly of heart attack.

Many people are surprised to know that heart attack does not always cause chest pains. Heart attack may also come with arm pain in the left or both arms. But it can be challenging to tell the difference between arm pain as a result of muscle strain and arm pain as a symptom of heart attack.

In most cases, heart attack occurs when there is myocardial infarction, a condition when a blood clot obstructs the flow of blood and oxygen into the heart muscle. When the heart muscle runs out of oxygen, it normally sends a signal to the brain. Generally, it will result in squeezing and cramping pain in the right side or center of the chest. The pain sometimes also extends to both shoulders and arms of the patient. This is a case of referred pain. For men, the pain is normally felt in the left arm, while for women, it is often felt more in both arms. This referred pain normally occurs when the brain confuses the nerve signals coming from the heart muscle to come from the arm because of nerve proximity.

Arm pain can be the earliest indication of an incoming heart attack. Some patients have also reported suffering from sleep disturbances as a result of arm pain days before the actual heart attack occurred. Additionally, arm pain may not at all times be the regular pain. It can also be a tingling sensation or a dull pain. You may also experience pins-and-needles in the arm, heaviness or weakness instead of pain. These pain and sensations may come and go and may hit before or during the heart attack.

Even though you have doubts that your arm pain is not a symptom to an impending heart attack, it is best to be safe and to seek medical attention immediately. It can be a life-saving decision for you.

Common Allergies in Dogs

Dogs are perhaps the most popular pets in many households compared to other animals such as cats, reptiles, fish and others. Every year, millions of dollars are spent on dog care which would also involve treating various medical conditions from minor to serious health problems.

One of the most common conditions that affect dogs is allergies. Different types of allergies have different causes. However, the environment where the dog lives is a big contributing factor to these allergies. For instance, using toxic pesticides or herbicides in your home will not only pollute the air and the soil, but it may also cause allergies or even death to your dog or other animals. That is why many environmentalists will say that caring for the environment is also caring for yourself and those that are important to you such as your family and pets.

All dogs may suffer from certain types of allergies with varying symptoms. Knowing these types of allergies can assist you on helping your dog avoid these allergies or to get treatment from the following allergies:

  • Airborne allergy – Also known as atopy, airborne allergies are caused by particles present in the air such as pollens, dust, molds and mildew. Many cases of atopy are seasonal, while others may occur all year round. When dogs inhale these allergens, they can develop itching in the face or in the armpits. It is important to know which airborne allergen causes the allergy on your dog. Avoiding or limiting exposure to allergen can prevent the occurrence of allergy symptoms. In some cases, your veterinarian may also recommend allergy shots to make your dog less sensitive to a particular allergen.

 

  • Flea allergy – Many dogs suffer from minor to serious itching and irritation due to flea bites. The most commonly affected areas are the hind legs and base of the tail. Because of itchiness, dogs more often bite their skin and remove large patches of hair along the process just to get relief from itchiness. The only solution to solve this problem is by flea control with medicated shampoos and other treatment option that your veterinarian would recommend.

 

  • Food allergy – Food allergy is another common allergy that affects most dog breeds. Many dogs develop allergic reactions to carbohydrates or protein in their food. Allergens normally include meat, poultry, corn, soy and wheat. In some instances, a dog may also develop yeast allergy. Symptoms such as itching in different parts of the body, particularly in the face and ear are noticeable among affected dogs. Some dogs may also have a soft stool and increased bowel movement as the symptom. One way to treat this kind of allergy is to give your dog a special diet that excludes these allergens.

 

  • Contact Allergy – This is perhaps the least common allergy among dogs. It develops when sensitive dogs come in contact with certain things such as carpets, soaps, cleaners, chemicals and other things. Identifying and removing the cause of the allergy can greatly help your dog avoid this allergy.

A dog suffering from a certain kind of allergy can have a miserable life because of the itchiness, pain or discomfort associated with that allergy. There are different types of allergy medicine for dogs that can help alleviate the symptoms. The best way of treating dog allergies is to work with your veterinarian in identifying the exact allergen and the proper treatment for such allergy.