Acne: Basic Facts You Should Know

There is a general notion that whatever we do now will leave a significant impact or footprint on something. For instance, if we plant trees now, those trees will be able to help combat the greenhouse effect when they grow. On the other hand, if we don’t protect the wildlife now, more and more animals might go extinct. The same truth also applies to each and every one of us especially in the aspect of health. If you are feeling or noticing any abnormalities in your body, but are not doing anything about it, your health might quickly suffer.

One of the conditions that affect both men and women is acne. Yet it is also one of the most neglected conditions especially if the acne affects the less conspicuous areas of the body such as the back or scalp. As a result, it may leave a negative footprint on your skin such as blemishes or even scarring. To avoid this, it is important to understand more about acne and its possible treatments.

Acne Defined

Medically termed as acne vulgaris, acne is a skin disease involving the oil glands found at the follicles of the hair. It normally appears starting puberty during which the oil glands are activated in both males and females. It normally appears on the face, scalp chest, back, neck and shoulders. Acne is not a serious disease but it can leave scars.

How Common is Acne?

According to dermatologists, about 75 percent of people between the ages of 11 and 30 will get acne at one point in their life. But there are some people already past 30 years old and even in their 50s who still get acne. Although it can affect both sexes, young men tend to suffer longer than women once they have it.

What are the Causes of Acne?

It is not very clear what causes acne. Some experts believe that it is cause by an increased level of androgen hormone in the body, which in turn causes the body to produce more oil. The excess oil or sebum may in turn block the pores of the skin or cause bacterial growth leading to acne. Some research findings also indicate that if your parents or siblings have acne, you are also more likely to have acne. Certain cosmetic products may also promote acne. Additionally, some women suffer from acne as a result of hormonal changes during pregnancy.

Treatment for Acne

Treatment options for acne largely depend on its severity. Grade I acne or the mildest form of acne is the easiest to treat with over-the-counter medication containing salicylic acid such as ointment, creams and lotions. Grade IV acne or severe acne which includes nodular acne is the hardest to treat as it normally involves systemic medications and constant visits to the dermatologist. Other treatment forms for acne include salicylic acid peel, light therapy and injected medication.

If you have acne, don’t wait until your condition gets worse. The earlier you can treat it, the fewer blemishes or scar it will leave on your skin.